If you believe industry propaganda, coal mining is a panacea not only for economic ills but also for smoothing troubled social waters.But a lack of local evidence about the health impact … Add to cart. “While positive impacts such as employment and community development projects are important, they do not off-set the potential negatives. This in particular creates inequities in communities and is often described as the “two-speed economy”. 4.2 Direct Effects of the Mining Industry on the National Economy . The mining industry forms an important pillar of the global economy. The key direct impact of mining on forest ecosystems is the removal of vegetation and canopy cover. Land use-related impacts and environmental impacts affecting human health and human rights appear to be the most concerning social aspects in the mining sector. While the economic impacts of mining have been thoroughly explored and social impacts recently have received growing attention, increasingly, mining developments are being required to consider how they affect local communities and implement strategies to minimise negative impacts they … Estimated expenditure through the Royalties for Regions fund from 2008–09 to 2014–15 is $6.1 billion, with $1.2 billion allocated to 2011–12. As the Mirrar have pointed out, the development of mines in the area brings increased presence and pressure by non-Aboriginal cultural practices, institutions, and economic values, entrenching the dominance of non-Aboriginal … The Rum Jungle mine is a stand-out example of a poorly regulated mining operation leading to legacy environmental impacts that are difficult and costly to remediate. Benefits from income and employment are, instead, the main positive impacts identified in … In an effort to maximise the positive benefits and minimise the negative impacts of mining, the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) has been exploring the future sustainability of the Australian mining industry through the Mineral Futures Collaboration Cluster. Figure 2. The bulk of the studies focus on the pressure generated by mining on service provision, As a nation, it is important that we think about the benefits of mining balanced against the costs – those resources under the ground belong to all Australians and we should be active in shaping how they are exploited and how the benefits that flow from mining are used and distributed. This design process attempts to reduce social hazards or minimise potential social risk by involving designers and decision-makers in considering the likely impacts (anticipated and unanticipated) of technologies once deployed, and how these may be communicated to the public more effectively. Wind erosion and nearby vehicular traffic cause such materials to become airborne. 2. 30 days to view or download: After all, every Australian presumably has the right to spend their earnings wherever they please. Instead of being an asset and allowing the development, mines often become an obstacle for the countries concerned. To gain access to all content online and receive your print copy in the mail you need to Subscribe. Recommended articles lists articles that we recommend and is powered by our AI driven recommendation engine. There may also be alternative sources for the commodities that we value and opportunities for new and creative mining business models. This process has created controversy in Australia and other places where it is used for coal seam gas resources, much of which is based on little or incomplete information about the process, its impacts and the risks to people and the environment. Waste rock generated by mining has increased for most commodities over time in Australia. Recently one of the world’s biggest mining companies, Rio Tinto, announced that it would be investing half a billion dollars in its automation program, which includes driverless trains in the Pilbara region of Western Australia to transport iron ore, new technologies in underground tunnelling, a remote operations centre in Perth, and a new fleet of driverless trucks. These processes also have an impact on the atmosphere from the emissions of … This article conducted a critical literature review that synthesises contemporary Australian research on the social impacts of mining on local communities. We use cookies to improve your website experience. Just consider this: it takes two grams of gold to make a wedding ring. This article aims to focus on how the social and economic impacts of mining should be assessed and negotiated with local and regional communities., – The following … The concept of social sustainability is the primarily focus used to examine and interpret the consequences from contemporary mining operations. The mining boom of the last decade has done many things for the state and for Australia, most notably being the economic factor that stopped Australia … Smarter Approaches to Mining By closing this message, you are consenting to our use of cookies. For the last century, mining has been one of our planet’s largest industries (it generated 683 billion dollars in revenue in 2018 alone).. More and more, however, society is asking: “But at what cost?” Those with reservations about mining point to the environmental impacts of extracting and using non-renewable resources like coal, the economic distortion that results from one part of the economy booming while other parts languish (i.e. While the economic impacts of mining have been thoroughly explored and social impacts recently have received growing attention, increasingly, mining developments are being required to consider how they affect local communities and implement strategies to minimise negative impacts they may be causing. One of the clear messages that has emerged thus far is the idea that Australia needs to develop a national minerals policy supported by a comprehensive set of mineral accounts that provides some transparency about resource stocks (both above and below the ground), along with some detailed analysis of the impacts of mining activities. By incorporating community views on how long-term benefit can be best derived from Australia’s mineral endowment, there is real opportunity here to make the Australian public central to the decisions that are being made about this issue and the future they wish to see for their country. • the use of diamonds in jewellery remains a near-universal symbol of wealth and prestige. Article Purchase Figure 1. The demand for mineral resources is likely to stay high for the foreseeable future so finding more sustainable ways for the industry to operate in Australia is important. In some ways, this is about managing the risks associated with technologies – a poorly chosen or unsuitable technology can lead to considerable damage to the public, individual industries, specific mining processes and companies, mine employees and the environment. In particular, the cluster has focused on examining what the future of mining in Australia might hold, how Australian regions are impacted by mining, and how technology influences the way mining is conducted and experienced by those around it. Environmental impacts of mining can occur at local, regional, and global scales through direct and indirect mining practices. Mining activities in Australia tend to be cyclical, with boom and bust times impacting upon associated communities. However, little information exists to classify key impacts … 2) it may be more economical in the future to recycle and recover materials from products at the end of their life cycle than dig them out of the ground. People also read lists articles that other readers of this article have read. Technology: Problem or Solution? 3. In fact, in 2008–09 more revenue was generated from mining software sales by Australian companies than from combined sales of uranium and zinc ores. Get it right, and we set the nation up for decades to come.”. These themes discuss the breadth of findings and critical knowledge gaps of existing research. Other mining companies have indicated that they too have plans to roll out autonomous haul truck fleets and underground loaders. 1). Mining was considered to deliver positive benefits to regional and Indigenous communities. 3099067 Technology will play a central role in achieving greater levels of sustainability but its development, adoption and deployment in the mining industry need to demonstrate both environmental sustainability and broad societal acceptance. In this section, the focus will be on artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM). 5 Howick Place | London | SW1P 1WG. Although we are in no danger of physically running out of minerals any time soon, we do need to address the fact that continued production and declining resource quality create technological, environmental and social challenges. When resources are located where other industries (or populations) are already well established, there is real potential for land use conflicts to emerge. In many cases, that money travels back to capital cities rather than being spent locally. There is also the reality that mineral resources will be exhausted or their extraction will cease to be economically viable, and when this happens communities need to have the capacity to reinvent themselves if they are to maintain their viability into the future. This is particularly the case in China, which has seen incredible development since the 1990s and is Australia’s second largest export destination behind Japan. RR5, Department of Civil Engineering, Monash University and Mineral Policy Institute. One focus of the cluster’s work has been the direct impacts of the extractive industries on local communities in mining regions around Australia, and how those regions transition through various stages of mining activity. 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