The Mahabharata, for example, includes Krishna, while the Ramayana includes Rama. Avatars are broadly classified into two kinds. [50][87][51] A temple to Machhenarayan (Matsya) is found in Machhegaun, Nepal, where an annual fair is held in honour of the deity. Radha (Sanskrit: राधा, IAST: Rādhā), also called Radhika, is a Hindu goddess and a consort of the god Krishna.She is worshipped as the goddess of love, tenderness, compassion and devotion. Manu provides the protection, the little fish grows to become big and ultimately saves all existence. [45] The Shiva Purana praises Vishnu as Matsya who rescued the Vedas via king Satyavrata and swan through the ocean of pralaya. Sin embargo, desde el siglo XIX, aparece casi siempre con piel de color azul. A pesar de ser Dios, accedió a ser el auriga (cochero) de la cuadriga de Aryuna en la gran batalla. The user is an avatar or incarnation of a divine being. Shankha (lit. The fish asks him to save him from predators and let him grow. The fish carries the boat with Manu to the high grounds of the northern mountains (interpreted as the Himalayas). Otras fuentes proponen que krishna no significa exactamente ‘negro’, sino ‘azul oscuro’. Matsya is said to support the Manus, plants and others like a boat at the end of Brahma's day (pralaya). [71], In rare representations, his lower half is human while the upper body (or just the face) is of a fish. Balarama (Sanskrit: बलराम, IAST: Balarāma) is a Hindu god and the elder brother of Krishna.He is particularly significant in the Jagannath tradition, as one of the triad deities. En la casa donde quedó Krisna, ya había un bebé, que sería su hermano mayor, Balaram. [30] The Linga Purana praises Vishnu as the one who saved various beings as a fish by tying a boat to his tail. Después aparece en textos posteriores como el Jari-vamsa (‘el linaje de Jari [Krisna]’) y el Visnu-purana. In this context, the fish denotes Agni - God as well as sacrifice flames. Then he prepares a ditch filled with water, and transfers him there where it can grow freely. The fish is divine to begin with, and needs no protection, only recognition and devotion. The Agni Purana prescribes Matsya be depicted zoomorphically. Según el tratado de astronomía Aria-bhattíia, del matemático Aria Bhatta (476-550), la era duápara iuga terminó y kali iuga comenzó el 18 de febrero del 3102 a. C. a las 14 h 27 min 30 s. Sin embargo no está decidido si kali iuga comenzó: Krisna reinó a los iadus en Dwáraka con sus 16 108 esposas (que incluían a Rukmini y SatiáBhama). [note 2] As in other versions, Manu encounters a little fish that miraculously increases in size over time. [81] Matsya is invoked as a form of Vishnu in hymns in the Brahma Purana. The upper half resembles Vishnu and wears the traditional ornaments and the kirita-makuta (tall conical crown) as worn by Vishnu. The devastating floods come, and Manu ties the boat to the horn. The fish tells him about the impending fiery end of kalpa accompanied with the pralaya as a deluge. [50][51] The Krishna-centric Brahmavaivarta Purana states that Matsya is an avatar of Krishna (identified with Supreme Being) and in a hymn to Krishna praises Matsya as the protector of the Vedas and Brahmins (the sages), who imparted knowledge to the king. El nombre "Krishna" se origina de la palabra sánscrita Kṛṣṇa, que es principalmente un adjetivo que significa "negro", "oscuro" o "azul oscuro". [26] The fish motif reminds readers of the Biblical 'Jonah and the Whale' narrative as well; this fish narrative, as well as the saving of the scriptures from a demon, are specifically Hindu traditions of this style of the flood narrative. Vishnu then takes the Matsya form and kills the demon, retrieving the Vedas. The deity Matsya derives his name from the word matsya (Sanskrit: मत्स), meaning "fish". Krishna also incarnates from time to time to perform lilas or some tasks to protect the devotees and eliminate the demons. It also adds the basis of the Matsya Purana, being the discourse of Matsya to Manu, similar to the Bhagavata Purana version. He puts the fish in a pot, from there to a well, then a tank, and when it outgrows the tank, he transfers the fish finally to sea. Se relaciona con palabras similares en otros idiomas indoeuropeos. A cult of fish-gods arose in these regions with the fish-saviour motif. Selain Tuhan, golongan dewa-dewi dan para Rishi juga dikatakan jelmaan di bumi untuk sesuatu tujuan tertentu. A demon called Shankhasura emerging from a conch is sometimes depicted attacking Matsya with a sword as Matsya combats or kills him. There are very few temples dedicated to Matsya. En India todo el mundo conoce los cuentos acerca de su infancia en los bosques de Vrindavan. Manu (lit. Narayana creates the universe. Avatar, a word in Hinduism, is a deity which comes down to earth in a human form, an animal form or a partly human and partly animal form. The fish rapidly outgrows the sea. Matsya-Vishnu informs the king of the impending flood coming in seven days. The fish then reveals himself as Brahma and gives the power of creation to Manu. En el Majabhárata, Krisna es primo de los líderes de ambos grupos contendientes: los pandavas y los kurus. Se casó con Rukmini, hija del rey Bhishmaka de Vidarbha. [69], In the anthropomorphic form, the upper half is that of the four-armed man and the lower half is a fish. He is the maximum popular plus highly honored figure of Indian Mythos. Al final, toda la familia de los iadus se mataron entre ellos, por efecto de una maldición, y Krisna fue muerto accidentalmente por un cazador (que lo confundió con un venado) a orillas del río Hiran en Prabhas Patán, a la edad de 125 años, 7 meses y 6 días. (24 AVATARS OF KRISHNA/ VISHNU – POPULAR DASAVATARS! Por este pasatiempo es conocido como Dámodar (atado con cuerdas por la barriga), el significado de ello es que el Divino sólo se deja atrapar por el amor del devoto. It does not associate the fish Matsya with any other deity in particular. El Matsia-purana indica que Krisna tenía 89 años cuando se produjo la batalla de Kurukshetra.[31]​. [79] The Agni Purana suggests that Matsya be installed in the Northern direction in temples or in water bodies. [82] The Vishnu Sahasranama version of the Garuda Purana includes Matsya. 1 Also Called 2 Capabilities 3 Applications 4 Associations 5 Known Users 6 Gallery Divine Incarnation The user is the avatar or incarnation of a divine being. The sage Vyasa is credited with re-compilation of the Vedas in this version. Manu places him in the jar. The creator, fish-god Ea in the Sumerian and Babylonian version warns the king in a dream of the flood and directs him to build a flood. Satyavrata becomes Vaivasvata Manu and is installed as the Manu of the current kalpa. Krishna, one of the most widely revered and most popular of all Indian divinities, worshipped as the eighth incarnation (avatar) of the Hindu god Vishnu and also as a supreme god in his own right. The deluge and Manu are dropped in the narrative. Krishna es uno de los más importantes Héroes del Clan Yadu, considerado una encarnación del Dios Vishnu de la India. Esta imagen, la unión del amado con la amada, se encuentra en los textos de los místicos de diversas tradiciones espirituales. Often described as the first of Vishnu's ten primary avatars, Matsya is described to have rescued the first man Manu from a great deluge. Manu is envisioned as a title, rather than an individual) performing religious rituals on the banks of the Cherivi River in the Badri forest. Krisna se convirtió en el rey de los iadavas (descendientes del rey Iadu) en Mathura. In later versions, Matsya slays a demon who steals the sacred scriptures - the Vedas and thus lauded as the saviour of the scriptures. On the request of Brahma, Vishnu took the Matsya form, pulled the demon from the waters and crushed him on land. El mismo Krishna declara: «Siempre que la rectitud decae y aumenta la injusticia, yo me manifiesto; y para la protección de los virtuosos, la destrucción de los viciosos y el restablecimiento de la rectitud, yo encarno de era en era» (Bhagavad-gītā, capítulo IV, versos 7-8). [5], The section 1.8.1 of the Shatapatha Brahmana (Yajur veda) is the earliest extant text to mention Matsya and the flood myth in Hinduism. One day, water is brought to Manu for his ablutions. Both of them may be depicted in the ocean, while the god Brahma and/or manuscripts or four men, symbolizing the Vedas, may be depicted in the background. El bebé se arrastró gateando y arrancó de cuajo dos árboles. En historias de la adultez de Krisna aparece también una hermana menor, Subhadra, pero no es nombrada en las historias de la juventud de Krishna. The Krishna-centric Brahmavaivarta Purana states that Matsya is an avatar of Krishna (identified with Supreme Being) and in a hymn to Krishna praises Matsya as the protector of the Vedas and Brahmins (the sages), who imparted knowledge to the king. Krisna se casó con ellas y las acogió en su nuevo palacio, ofreciéndoles un lugar respetuoso en la sociedad. Vishnu discovers the theft. Según el sanscritólogo británico Monier Monier-Williams (1819-1899), el término sánscrito krishna significa: Según la canción tradicional hinduista Sri Krisna astóttara-shata namavali[28]​ [23] The Purana derives its name from Matsya and begins with the tale of Manu. The Vedas are then returned to Brahma. [4] The Sanskrit word matsya is cognate with Prakrit maccha ("fish"). Existe la hipótesis de que un número de tradiciones y deidades regionales pueden haberse fusionado en las historias de este dios. The deluge symbolizes dissolution of universe (pralaya); while Matsya "allegorizes" the Creator-god (Brahma or Vishnu), who recreates the universe after the great destruction. [76], Even if the idea of the flood myth and the fish-god may imported from another culture, it is cognate with the Vedic and Puranic cosmogonic tale of Creation through the waters. Tuvo miles de hijos, entre ellos Pradiumna (quien a su vez tuvo como hijo principal a Aniruddha). [48], Another account in the Padma Purana mentions that a demon son of Kashyapa called Makara steals the Vedas from Brahma and hides them in the cosmic ocean. Treated as a parable, the tale advises a good king should protect the weak from the mighty, reversing the "law of fishes" and uphold dharma, like Manu, who defines an ideal king. Una de las historias más populares de India es la del bebé-dios Krishna khir-chor (‘el ladrón de mantequilla’), que le roba (chora) a su madre la mantequilla (khīra) recién hecha. Krisna es un adolescente púber eternamente de unos 13 años, por ello foco de devoción (es llamado «el amante», «el completamente atractivo», «el flautista»). Yaska also offers an alternate etymology of matsya as "floating in water" derived from the roots √syand (to float) and madhu (water). [23] In this account, the ship of Manu is called the ship of the Vedas, thus signifying the rites and rituals of the Vedas. En este sentido Krisna sería el diferente del anterior avatar de Visnú: el Señor Rama, quien estaba casado y fue el ejemplo de la fidelidad a las reglas religiosas y sociales. El término krisna también aparece en el nombre del texto Krisna-iáyur-veda (‘conocimiento negro sobre sacrificios’), que es una de las dos partes en que se conoce el Iáyur-veda, siendo la otra parte el Shukla-iáyur-veda (‘conocimiento blanco sobre sacrificios’). Manu is asked by the fish, in the Shatapatha Brahmana version, to build a ship and be in it with Saptarishi (seven sages) and all sorts of seeds, on the day of the expected deluge. Uno de los más famosos narra como su madre adoptiva, al hacerle abrir la boca a Krisna para ver si se estaba comiendo barro, vio el universo entero contenido dentro de ella. Anthropomorphic depiction of Matsya as half-human, half-fish, Manu is presented as the ancestor of two mythical royal dynasties (solar or son-based, lunar or daughter-based), "Satapatha Brahmana Part 1 (SBE12): First Kânda: I, 8, 1. Sin embargo, se dejó atar por amor a su madre adoptiva. Sovint és representat amb pell blava més o menys ennegrida. [84], The fifth day in the bright fortnight of the Hindu month of Chaitra is celebrated as Matsya Jayanti, the birthday of Matsya, when his worship is recommended. El autor del Bhagavata-purana (siglo XI d. C.) consigna por primera vez una fecha de nacimiento de Krisna: la medianoche del rójini naksatra (el octavo día después de la luna nueva del mes de śravana o bhadrapada). [9] In the tales where the demon hides the Vedas, dharma is threatened and Vishnu as the divine Saviour rescues dharma, aided by his earthly counterpart, Manu - the king. When Lord Vishnu indirectly empowers life to represent him, then that living entity is called an Avesa-Avatara – Like Naravada Muni, Parashurama, Vyasa, etc. [55][56] The Linga Purana, the Narada Purana, the Shiva Purana, the Varaha Purana, the Padma Purana, the Skanda Purana also mention Matsya as the first of the ten classical avatars. [7], Though Matsya does not appear in older scriptures,[14][15] the seeds of the legend may be traced to the oldest Hindu scripture, the Rigveda. Según el Guitá govinda y otros numerosos trabajos, Krisna como adolescente tiene amoríos trascendentales con las gopis (‘pastoras’), que son las adolescentes casadas del pueblo de Vrindavan. Wilson suggests that though the Mahabharata is largely an older text than the Puranas, however the Matsya Purana tale may be older tale that finds its way later in the epic. [68] The Vishnudharmottara Purana recommends that Matsya be depicted as horned fish. Por eso se le conoce como Partha Sárathi (‘auriga del hijo de Prithu’). Actualmente ahora existe un templo (Krisna Yanma Bhumi) donde los hinduistas creen que estaba la celda del rey Kamsa. [30]​ De ahí el nombre Syāma Súndara (‘negro hermoso’) o Navina Nirada (‘nueva nube’, nube muy oscura, cargada de lluvia). Satyavrata is filled with compassion for the little fish. [26], The flood was a recurring natural calamity in Ancient Egypt and Tigris–Euphrates river system in ancient Babylonia. The deluge begins, and the fish arrives to Manu's aid. Matsya may be depicted alone or in a scene depicting his combat with a demon. Según un ensayo presentado recientemente en una convención en, Letra de la canción «śrīkr̥ṣṇāṣṭōttara śatanāmāvalī», https://es.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Krishna&oldid=130408155, Nombres de la deidad suprema en el hinduismo, Wikipedia:Artículos con pasajes que requieren referencias, Wikipedia:Artículos con identificadores VIAF, Wikipedia:Artículos con identificadores GND, Wikipedia:Artículos con identificadores LCCN, Licencia Creative Commons Atribución Compartir Igual 3.0. un tipo de demonio o espíritu de la oscuridad. Manu recognizes Vishnu in the fish. When the great flood begins, Manu ties the cosmic serpent Shesha to the fish's horn. The Bhagavad Gita discusses the subject matter associated with Avatar in textual format in Chapter 4 Slokas 5~9, where Lord Shri Krishna Himself declared the role of taking Avatar. ; En 1959 fue secretario de embajada de primera clase en Daca entonces Pakistán Oriental Varias décadas más tarde, se llevó a sus súbditos a Dwaraka (en la actual Guyarat). Esta página se editó por última vez el 27 oct 2020 a las 00:23. (July 2020) Krishan Avtaar is a 1993 Hindi-language Indian feature film directed by Ashok Gaekwad, starring Mithun Chakraborty, Somy Ali, … Tras matar a Narakasura rescató a estas 16 100 mujeres y las liberó, pero todas ellas volvieron con Krisna diciendo que, al haber sido retenidas por Narakasura, ni su familia las aceptaría ni nadie querría casarse con ellas, permaneciendo así abandonadas. [33] After the deluge, Matsya slays the demon and rescues the Vedas, restoring them to Brahma, who has woken from his sleep to restart creation afresh. 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