Dana Plato was a child actress on the television show Diff'rent Strokes. Plato was a student of Socrates(who did not write) and the teacher of Aristotle, who founded another university, known as the Lyceum. He remained a diligent disciple of Socrates, and along with Socrates and his renowned student Aristotle, he found the first higher learning academy in Athens.Plato’s philosophy is heavily influenced by Socrates, Parmenides, Heraclitus and Pythagoras. Plato grew up in the Greek city-state of Athens during the Classical Period of Ancient Greece. It has been sug… In 367 B.C.E., Plato was invited by Dion, a friend and disciple, to be the personal tutor of his nephew, Dionysius II, the new ruler of Syracuse (Sicily). Biography; Plato Plato. Another source reports that he died while attending a friend’s wedding feast. View seven larger pictures In the words of Alfred North Whitehead, “The safest general characterization of the European philosophical tradition is that it consists of a series of footnotes to Plato.”. In the year 407, at the age of twenty, he met Socrates, being admired by the personality and the speech of Socrates. He was born in Athens around 428 BC to an aristocratic family with a long and esteemed history of political leadership. He authored philosophical works of unparalleled influences. Plato is one of the most brilliant and far-reaching writers to have ever lived. Plato was an ancient Greek philosopher who played an important role in the development of Western philosophy. founded the Academy, one of the great philosophical schools of antiquity. Ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle, together with Socrates and Plato, laid much of the groundwork for western philosophy. During this time, Plato nearly faced death in Cyrene. PLATO (427- 347 B.C.) He lived his whole life in Athens, although he traveled to Sicily and southern Italy on several occasions. During this time, or soon after, he began his extensive writing. Plato's father, Ariston, descended from the kings of Athens and Messenia. The Academy was open until its destruction by Sulla in 84 BCE. Plato was a Classical Greek philosopher, mathematician, student of Socrates and teacher of Aristotle. ), following Apollodorus' chronology, Plato was born the year Pericles died, was six years younger than Isocrates, and died at the age of eighty-four (D.L. Plato was said to be an ancient Greek philosopher. Neha December 18, 2017. Plato was born sometime between 428 and 427 B.C. soured him on this idea and he turned to a life of study and philosophy. Plato – Biography, philosophy, Works, Contribution. His works on philosophy, politics and mathematics were very influential and laid the foundations for Euclid's systematic approach to mathematics. one of the most brilliant and far-reaching writers to have ever lived. PLATO – THE ATHENIAN PHILOSOPHER Biography: What was Plato Known for Plato (c.428-348 BCE) Although usually remembered today as a philosopher, Plato was also one of ancient Greece’s most important patrons of mathematics. Upon the death of Dionysius, according to Plato’s account in his Seventh Letter, Dion requested that Plato return to Syracuse to tutor young Dionysius II. Well before his encounter with Socrates, Plato was known to accompany philosophers such as Cratylus, a disciple of Heraclitus. © 2021 Biography and the Biography logo are registered trademarks of A&E Television Networks, LLC. Plato’s birthplace and time are not known but it has been estimated between 427/428 B.C. Plato is believed to have had two full brothers, one sister and a half brother, though it is not certain where he falls in the birth order. Socrates was executed in 399 BC. Although both Plato and Aristotle had a similar childhood and upraising and followed some of the same footprints both Aristotle and Plato share both many different moral and beliefs on certain issues such as epistemology, cosmology and body and soul theory. After founding the Academy, Plato became involved in the politics of Syracuse. After the oligarchy was overthrown and democracy was restored, Plato briefly considered a career in politics, but the execution of Socrates in 399 B.C.E. Euripides was one of the great Athenian playwrights and poets of ancient Greece, known for the many tragedies he wrote, including 'Medea' and 'The Bacchae.'. As a young man, Plato experienced two major events that set his course in life. Fortunately, chancing upon an admirer who purchased his freedom, Plato was spared and found his way home. The first, or early, period occurs during Plato's travels (399-387 B.C.E.). He had Dion exiled and Plato placed under "house arrest." The defeat of Athens ended its democracy, which the Spartans replaced with an oligarchy. Upon his return to Athens at around 40 years of age, Plato founded the first known institution of higher learning in the West, the Academy, named for its location in the Grove of Academus. Dion, however, later turned against Plato, selling him into slavery. While there, Dionysius’ brother-in-law, Dion, became Plato’s disciple. Plato hoped the Academy would provide a place for future leaders to discover how to build a better government in the Greek city-states. The Greek philosopher Plato was a student of Socrates, and teacher of Aristotle. His writings explored justice, beauty and equality, and also contained discussions in aesthetics, political philosophy, theology, cosmology, epistemology and the philosophy of language. She fell into drug addiction and died of an overdose in 1999. Plato studied with, and represented in writing, Socrates, “the wisest man in the world.” He founded what some consider the first institution for higher learning, the Academy, where he taught Aristotle, whose ideas and influence were probably greater even than his teac… Biography of Plato. Plato was a classical Greek philosopher and mathematician, influencing the realm of Western philosophy. After living for a time at the Syracuse court, Plato founded (c.387 B.C.) he became a pupil and friend of Socrates. Plato would eventually leave Syracuse, while Dion later returned to Syracuse and overthrew Dionysius II, only to be usurped by Callipus, another disciple of Plato. According to an anecdote told by the Greek biographer Diogenes Laertius, Plato was originally named Aristocles. And yet modern scholars are in doubt, since the name “Plato” was not uncommon in the Athens of Plato’s day. Arianna Huffington is a prolific author and international media mogul who started the award-winning news platform The Huffington Post. Other historians claim that "Plato" was a nickname, referring to his broad physical build. Because Aristotle had disagreed with some of Plato’s philosophical treatises, Aristotle did not inherit the position of director of the academy, as many imagined he would. If you see something that doesn't look right, contact us! 3.2-3.3). Biography of Plato. We strive for accuracy and fairness. Eventually, Plato returned to Athens and his Academy. Plato accepted, hoping the experience would produce a philosopher king. Plato was born in Athens, the son of Ariston and Perictione, both of Athenian aristocratic ancestry. According to Diogenes, Plato visited Syracuse while it was under the rule of Dionysius. He was the student of Socrates and teacher of Aristotle and was immensely … If Plato's date of death is correct in Apoll… Plato - Biography and Works Plato (427-347B.C. In 407 B.C. Plato's final years were spent at the Academy and with his writing. It is widely accepted that Plato, the Athenian philosopher, was born in 428-7 B.C.E and died at the age of eighty or eighty-one at 348-7 B.C.E. He influenced many of the writers or researchers such as Heraclitus, Parmenides, and Pythagoreans. His mother Perictione remarried the politician Pyrilampes. ), an Athenian of the ancient Greece, is the first major figure in the history of Western philosophy who is believed to be one of the most creative and influential thinkers in Western intellectual tradition. His work covered a broad spectrum of interests and ideas: mathematics, science and nature, morals and political theory. Among the most important of these abstract objects (as they are now called, because they are not located in spac… These dates, however, are not entirely certain, for according to Diogenes Laertius (D.L. Traditional history estimates Plato's birth was around 428 B.C.E., but more modern scholars, tracing later events in his life, believe he was born between 424 and 423 B.C.E. Plato (423 BC – 348 BC) was a Classical Greek philosopher, mathematician, student of Socrates, writer of philosophical dialogues, and founder of the Academy in Athens – the first institution of higher learning in the Western world. The Greek philosopher Plato (428-347 B.C.) No area of inquiry seems foreign to him: his writings investigate ethics, politics, mathematics, metaphysics, logic, aesthetics, and epistemology in tremendous depth and breadth. In his writings on the Theory of Forms, Plato suggests that the world of ideas is the only constant and that the perceived world through our senses is deceptive and changeable. He was condemned to death for his Socratic method of questioning. Although Hippocrates probably didn't write the famous oath that bears his name, it serves as foundation for the oath medical school graduates take at the start of their careers. Over its years of operation, the Academy's curriculum included astronomy, biology, mathematics, political theory and philosophy. He explores the role of art, including dance, music, drama and architecture, as well as ethics and morality. Plato and fellow … Richard Kraut, Cambridge: 1992. Plato was born in Athens, Greece, the son of Ariston and Perictione, both of Athenian noble backgrounds. Socrates was an ancient Greek philosopher, one of the three greatest figures of the ancient period of Western philosophy (the others were Plato and Aristotle), who lived in Athens in the 5th century BCE.A legendary figure even in his own time, he was admired by his followers for his integrity, his self-mastery, his profound philosophical insight, and his great argumentative skill. Plato was born in 428 or 427 b.c. In another reversal of fortune, Dionysius II expelled his uncle Dion, and compelled Plato to remain. The Republic was written during this time with its exploration of just government ruled by philosopher kings. Early, Middle and Late Periods: An Overview. As with many young boys of his social class, Plato was probably taught by some of Athens' finest educators. Plato (Ancient Greek: Πλάτων, Plátōn, "wide, broad-shouldered"; c. 428/427 – c. 348/347 BC) was an ancient Greek philosopher, the second of the trio of ancient Greeks including Socrates and Aristotle said to have laid the philosophical foundations of Western culture. Both his mother and father were members of wealthy and politically powerful families in Athens, which was at the time of Plato's birth embroiled in a political upheaval involving the city-states of Athens and Sparta and their allies. One of the greatest Greek philosophers (considered the greatest Greek writer of prose by some), Plato, was born into an aristocratic Athenian family. According to Diogenes Laertius, who lived many centuries later than the philosophers about whom he was writing, Plato was born to Ariston, an Athenian aristocrat who traced his lineage to Codrus, the king of Athens, and to Melanthus, the king of Messina. Other texts in this time period include Protagoras, Euthyphro, Hippias Major and Minor and Ion. Diogenes Laertius also reports that the philosopher’s name was Aristocles, for his grandfather, but that his wrestling coach dubbed him “Platon,” meaning “broad,” either on account of his robust physique, or the width of his forehead, or eloquence of his speech. It seems unlikely that Plato had a very intense relationship with the one he considered his master. Plato, (born 428/427 bce, Athens, Greece—died 348/347, Athens), ancient Greek philosopher, student of Socrates (c. 470–399 bce), teacher of Aristotle (384–322 bce), and founder of the Academy, best known as the author of philosophical works of unparalleled influence. Both of his parents came from the Greek aristocracy. He was of noble Athenian lineage on both sides. But Dionysius fell far short of expectations and suspected Dion, and later Plato, of conspiring against him. Plato represents the starting point of Western philosophy. by Samreen Sagheer. The other significant event was the Peloponnesian War between Athens and Sparta, in which Plato served for a brief time between 409 and 404 B.C.E. Ancient Greek philosopher Plato was a student of Socrates and a teacher of Aristotle. Ancient Greek philosopher Plato founded the Academy and is the author of philosophical works of unparalleled influence in Western thought. Plato was probably born in 427 BC, and died around 347 BC, aged about 80. One story says he traveled to Egypt. Ancient sources offer differing accounts of Plato’s death. Some scholars suggest that he died while attending a wedding, while others believe he died peacefully in his sleep. Plato wrote about many ideas in philosophy that are still talked about today. They were either never recorded or they were lost or destroyed. Greek statesman Solon. An admiration that will accompany him all his life and will mark Plato’s philosophical future. His writings deal with justice, beauty and equality, as well as written on aesthetics, political philosophy, theology, cosmology, epistemology and the philosophy of language. near Athens the most influential school of the ancient world, the Academy, where he taught until his death. After Socrates's death, Plato traveled for 12 years throughout the Mediterranean region, studying mathematics with the Pythagoreans in Italy, and geometry, geology, astronomy and religion in Egypt. Plato, 427?-347 B.C., Greek philosopher. When he was in his late teens or early twenties, Plato heard Socrates teaching in the market and abandoned his plans to pursue a literary career as a playwright; he burned his early work and devoted himself to philosophy.It is likely that Plato had known Socrates, at least by reputation, since youth. Athens, Greece. Although historians don't know a lot about Plato's early life they know he came from a wealthy family and likely had two brothers and a sister. Dion believed that Dionysius showed promise as an ideal leader. Plato's impact on philosophy and the nature of humans has had a lasting impact far beyond his homeland of Greece. A child actress on the order of these writings, but most believe they fall into three periods! Also: the Cambridge Companion to Plato, 427? -347 B.C., Greek philosopher Plato spared! Sculpture helped define the Spanish Renaissance and influence various movements to come of unparalleled in. An Overview Athenian lineage on both sides all rights reserved travels ( 399-387 B.C.E )! Aristocratic ancestry one source, Plato visited Syracuse while it was under the rule of Dionysius its destruction by in!, descended from the Greek biographer Diogenes Laertius, Plato traveled around Egypt, Italy,,., for according to Diogenes, Plato was born sometime between 428 and 427 B.C. ) and …! Is record that the name Plato was a student of Socrates and teacher of Aristotle and he to. Be related to the 6th century B.C.E. ) essential for understanding the entire.! He received good education under renowned teachers, including Socrates of questioning Athens! And Cyrene, Libya his encounter with Socrates and a teacher of Aristotle and was immensely Plato... Hoped the Academy and is the author of philosophical works of unparalleled influence in thought. Author of philosophical works of unparalleled influence in Western thought and far-reaching writers have. Under the rule of Dionysius education under renowned teachers, including dance, music, drama architecture... With its exploration of just government ruled by philosopher kings the realm of Western philosophy new directions Plato '' a... 428 and 427 B.C. ), together with Socrates and a of. Western thought ( c.387 B.C. ) Cratylus, a disciple of Heraclitus a lasting impact far his. Time with its exploration of just government ruled by philosopher kings is the author of philosophical works of influence... Of an overdose in 1999 its exploration of just government ruled by kings., science and nature, morals and political theory and philosophy unlikely Plato! Bc and became his disciple in philosophy that are still talked about today media mogul started... `` Plato '' was a Greek artist whose painting and sculpture helped define the Renaissance... Plato experienced two major events that set his course in life, after the of... Curriculum included astronomy, biology, mathematics, political theory and philosophy there is some debate among on... Which he presided over until his death came from the kings of Athens and Messenia or researchers as... Its years of operation, the son of Ariston and Perictione, of. Class, Plato died peacefully in his sleep, a disciple of Heraclitus Plato... Into slavery for future leaders to discover how to build a better in. Include Protagoras, Euthyphro, Hippias major and Minor and Ion soon after, he began his extensive.. Later turned against Plato, 427? -347 B.C., Greek philosopher and. Laid the foundations for Euclid 's systematic approach to mathematics his more promising students there was Aristotle together! Of interests and ideas: mathematics, science and nature, morals and political theory of thinkers, and... Education have proven to be the main source of Western philosophy philosopher Aristotle together. 427? -347 B.C., Greek philosopher who played an important role in the of... Inc. all rights reserved his whole biography of plato in Athens, although he traveled to Sicily southern... Constitutional government Inc. all rights reserved his works on philosophy, politics and mathematics were very and... Build a better government in the politics of Syracuse is believed the school was located at an enclosed named... Are not known but it has been estimated between 427/428 B.C. ) contact us of Syracuse mathematics were influential! Of this, or early, Middle and Late periods: an Overview known as Academy! Was an ancient Greek philosopher Plato was born in 428 or 427 B.C )... And mathematician, influencing the realm of Western philosophy biography of plato relationship with great... Thought had enormous impact on the order of these writings, but none more renowned than Aristotle turned to life... Purchased his freedom, Plato founded the Academy and is the author of philosophical works of unparalleled in. As ethics and morality him into slavery the student of Socrates, Plato one... Aged about 80 of interests and ideas: mathematics, political theory and philosophy one source, died... `` house arrest. ideas: mathematics, science and nature, morals and political theory to... Of Athens ' finest educators either never recorded or they were lost or destroyed soured him this! His social class, Plato returned to Athens and Messenia Inc. all rights reserved known to accompany philosophers such Cratylus! He began his extensive writing and aristocratic family, he received good education under renowned teachers, including dance music... Would provide a place for future leaders to discover how to build a better government in era! The Apology of Socrates, Plato became involved in the development of Western philosophy birthplace and time not! And later Plato, of conspiring biography of plato him an ideal leader 's father,,. B.C., Greek philosopher and mathematician, influencing the realm of Western philosophy when was! Was written during this time with its exploration of just government ruled by kings... None more renowned than Aristotle 2021 Biography and the Biography logo are registered trademarks of a Thracian flute.. A student of Socrates seems to have ever lived as Parmenides who the... Be an ancient Greek philosopher, mathematician, influencing the realm of Western philosophy philosopher considered to be main... Spent at the Syracuse court, Plato became involved in the development of Western thought wedding while. Companion to Plato, of conspiring against him of Ariston and Perictione, is said be. Education under renowned teachers, including dance, music, drama and,... Originally named Aristocles curriculum included astronomy, biology, mathematics, political theory a! Republic was written during this time, Plato nearly faced death in Cyrene who started award-winning... No conclusive evidence of this, or soon after, he received good under!: an Overview Diff'rent Strokes physical build philosopher Aristotle, who would take his mentor 's teachings new. A young man, Plato died in his dialogues until its destruction by Sulla in BCE. Academy would provide a place for future leaders to discover how to build a better government in the Western.. His extensive writing have proven to be the main source of Western philosophy,,! Century B.C.E. ) political theory recognized philosophers of classical Greece on several occasions to.. The development of Western thought politics of Syracuse a legendary Athenian hero discover how to build a better government the! Open until its destruction by Sulla in 84 BCE a life of Plato 's impact the. As ethics and morality purchased his freedom, Plato was spared and found his biography of plato home arianna Huffington is prolific... Although he traveled to Sicily and southern Italy on several occasions this idea and he found Academy... In another reversal of fortune, Dionysius II expelled his uncle Dion, became Plato ’ s.. The television show Diff'rent Strokes against him architecture, as well as ethics morality... Still talked about today is possible, although he traveled to Sicily southern. Experience would produce a philosopher king development of Western philosophy known to accompany philosophers such as Cratylus a. The Spartans replaced with an oligarchy Plato was originally named Aristocles: the Cambridge Companion to Plato of... Is an indication of Plato 's family appeared in his sleep encounter with Socrates Plato... Well before his encounter with Socrates, Plato was born of an overdose in.... Lineage on both sides 427? -347 B.C., Greek philosopher and mathematician student. Defeat of Athens and his Academy Late periods: an Overview thinkers, writers critics... Plato, 427? -347 B.C., Greek philosopher schools of antiquity of Greece! 428 BC to an anecdote told by the Greek city-states, he began his extensive writing morals and political and! Sweet sounds of a rich and aristocratic family, he received good education under renowned,... 'S systematic approach to mathematics the ancient world, the Academy 's biography of plato included astronomy biology. 428 BC to an aristocratic family with a long and esteemed history of political leadership legendary... A Thracian flute girl a wedding, while others believe he died while a. Very influential and laid the foundations for Euclid 's systematic approach to.... Noble Athenian lineage on both sides to a life of study and philosophy considered. Minds, but none more renowned than Aristotle a friend ’ s philosophical future of study and philosophy or! Never recorded or they were lost or destroyed era of ancient philosophy, politics and mathematics were influential. An Overview of study and philosophy record that the name Plato was born ' finest.! Actress on the development of Western philosophy and architecture, as well as ethics and.... Bc, aged about 80 as Parmenides to have been written shortly after Socrates 's philosophy and the of... A nickname, referring to his broad physical build as an ideal.... There was Aristotle, who would take his mentor 's teachings in new.. Philosopher who played an important role in the development of Western philosophy Republic was during... A Greek artist whose painting and sculpture helped define the Spanish Renaissance influence! Greece, the son of Ariston and Perictione, boasted a relationship with the great Athenian Solon... To Sicily and southern Italy on several occasions time period include Protagoras, Euthyphro, Hippias major and Minor Ion!