Coarse and beautiful texture that adds character. Living Space. The coarse nature of the substrate is personal preference and can add the character of the aquarium. Electric blues and yellows will stand out even more in the aquarium. Not exclusively made for cichlids like Seachem’s Onyx substrate. Most houses that use well water are not able to keep community fish, despite adding the right substrate and products to the water. It’s a clay based soil that absorbs the fertilizers in the water and feeds the roots. It is a one of the best cichlid substrates for the cost savvy hobbyist. FISH. Most of these substrates will add buffers to the water to keep the pH at a higher level than most freshwater aquariums. they’re from south and central america the male grows up to a large 28 or 32 inches and the female 20″ they will be extremely extremely extremely extremely extremely aggressive/territorial/quarrelsome and predatory. It is a one of the best cichlid substrates for the cost savvy hobbyist. If you really want to have another fish next to your jaguar cichlid, then it’s best to add another jaguar cichlid. Cichlids thrive in high alkaline pH and higher GH waters. They won’t tolerate being bullies by red devils, midas,Texas,convicts, jack Dempsey cichlids, or oscars.??????????????????????????????????????? Use them in your aquariums and ponds to make the floor bottom look great. ATTENTION: THE WHOLE REASON I KEEP THE carprintis cichlid SINGLE IS TO CAUSE IT SEXUAL TENSION TO MAKE IT JEALOUS OF MY HYBRID BREEDING PAIR IT WILL FOREVER STAT SINGLE.?????? Males can be up to 2 inches in length. The eggs hatch within 4 days and the fry become free swimming within a week. The base of Lake Malawi where bottom dwellers thrive is made mostly of sand, which is why your mbuna cichlids might feel exceptionally at home with a sand substrate. The Best LED Lights for the Planted Aquarium, Double Full Red Cockatoo Cichlid – Care, Diet & Breeding, Best Planted Tank Substrates – 2020 Review and Comparison, Curing Ich – Best 3 Ways to Remove Aquarium Ich, 11 Home Aquariums guaranteed to amaze you, How long to wait until you put a fish in a new tank | Guide, The Best Nano Reef Tanks | 2019 Comparison (Updated), The Top 5 Betta Fish Food | 2018 Comparison. Onyx is a Cichlid specific substrate and will buffer the water and add minerals appropriately. Fish Compatible with African Cichlids. Even though Cichlid and Reef substrate helps maintain healthy water parameter for your cichlids, it does not replace your weekly water change products. To Simon sure you can use sand for your fish ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? Only available in white, may wash out the cichlid coloration. The first thing that you need todo is to buy an appropriate tank for housing your Cichlid. They also need a sandy substrate and plenty of shells. This is mostly due to the limestone rich waters of their natural habitats in Africa. Some Cichlids prefer very fine, sand like substrates for sifting. Water hardness rages between 10–15 degrees general hardness (GH). Make your tank feel like home. If you plan to create community fish (tetras, barbs, betas) or small american cichlid (angels, rams) tank, add the substrate you want, as long as it doesn’t modify the pH or KH. Substrate contributes to modifying your water’s chemisty, making it adequate for your fish, plants and other inhabitants. Probably the only difficult aspect of keeping these fish is trying to figure out what to do with all the fry. The best play sand choice for your tank comes in the form of the Carib Sea African Sahara Sand (Click here to … The best way to do that is to buy or find juvenile jaguar cichlids and grow them together. The best cichlid substrates and gravels will also have a finer, silty nature. The normal pH range in these natural waters is 7.0–8.7. In the wild these fish are usually darker and filled with plant waste, such as lakes , ponds and rivers. Add a thick layer of the sand substratum from the bottom of the tank. Steer clear of the pH & KH augmenting substrates for African cichlids and reef tanks. If you’re hesitating between coarse and fine substrate, keep in mind that fine substrate is the easiest to wash because the waste stays on top instead of going into the cracks. Most people keeping African cichlids without the substrate usually have low carbonate hardness, or KH. It is a high quality substrate that has been proven to work by cichlid hobbyists. I meant all people with hybrid African cichlids I will soon have a hybrid cichlid that is sooo aggressive that it can’t be put with central, south or African cichlids.???? Thereare three aspects of this step that you need to keep in mind: Most substrates that are suitable for marine aquariums are also suitable for cichlid aquariums. Conversely darker substrates will enhance the colour of your fish but will make the aquarium look darker. Some aquarists will choose to have a bare bottom tank. Most people who have stopped using products because they bought this substrate usually have a pH that caps at 7.8. To Simon sure you can use sand????????????????? AquariumInfo is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. Look good to you. The Blue Ram or Butterfly Cichlid (Microphagus ramirezi) hails from the rivers of Columbia and Venezuela. It’s chemical composition assists in stabilizing mineral composition and alkalinity and prevents large ph declines, which are undesirable for cichlids. On the right side of my tank it will be dark with red coral trees and a scary scary scary scary cave with 1 single male carprintis cichlid. You need to consider if it will be fresh or saltwater. Choosing the right substrate is an important and often overlooked step in fish keeping. As for ALL the other plants, here are the two brands that I sell at my local fish store that have helped hundreds of aquarists such as yourself : This substrate is “inert”, meaning that it will not affect pH, or Gh, and it doesn’t add any supplements to the tank. The best substrate for a planted discus tank would be different than one for African cichlids, for instance. African Cichlid Substrate Rift Lake Gravel - Dry 20LBS (Grain size: 2.0 -3.5mm)Provides Rift Lake environment perfect for African Cichlid. … The porous nature of crushed coral makes an excellent biological filter for the aquarium while also buffering the pH. The darker color of this substrate will also help bring out the bright colors of your cichlids. ?AH HA HA HA HA HA HA HAAAAA. Over the week, between your water changes, which is when you should add these products, the pH will vary. Here is a list of ten best tank mates you can place to live side by side with your African Cichlids. It’s chorus nature also men’s Onyx can be used to grow plants also keeping plans with cichlids can be difficult and is not always recommended. Jack Dempsey cichlids are carnivores, and they need a steady diet of meaty foods. Unnecessary marine additives in the substrate – not cichlid specific. Carib Sea crushed coral is a no frills substrate that is suitable for cichlids. Jaguar Cichlids’ Sand … The substrate is white with beautiful textures of crushed shells and seabed. Popular South American Cichlid Species Rams / Butterfly Cichlids. Cheaper than other commercial aragonite substrates. The mature female lays up to 3000 eggs on the substrate of the tank. It’s about more than finding a color that will match your living room decor. By choosing the right substrate and providing plenty of little hiding places, your mbunas will feel at home in your tank. Jaguar Cichlds are silent, beautiful, and some of them are great for pest control. It lowers pH and GH as well as is filled with great trace elements for your plants. We have to maintain the pH at 8.2 and the KH over 240 ppm. I support all people with African cichlids I’m looking for texas or carprintis cichlid hobbyists to challenge my cichlid and we will see who’s cichlid is the best.? Carib Sea crushed coral is a no frills substrate that is suitable for cichlids. It is an aragonite based, white and slightly coarse substrate. It’s a lot easier to raise the pH and GH than to lower it. They complement them, meaning that you will use less products to get the same result. The porous nature of crushed coral makes an excellent biological filter for the aquarium while also buffering the pH. Aquarium Info is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. Its texture makes it an excellent playground for cichlids to dig and breed. It provides living space for beneficial microbes and anchoring for plants. When you use an active substrate, you give your tank a head start. It is really a matter of personal preference. QuebecCichlides ... How to Set up an African Cichlid Tank - Substrate | Jay Wilson - Duration: 3:59. Cichlids require a higher pH and this substrate will provide that. For best results, use regular Plant care Products : Seachem Flourish + Seachem Flourish Excel, After about 6 months, the soil will deplete itself. Always ensure to wash the substrate before use to avoid fines in the aquarium. Even then, however, males have been known to attack and/or kill a newly introduced female. Onyx is one of the best Cichlid substrates due to it being exclusive to these fish. Jaguar cichlids are energetic and will dig up plants, so it’s usually best to house them in an aquarium with only rocks and a gravel substrate. Excluding rift lake cichlid predators, most predator fish live in neutral-ish pH waters. Most of these substrates primarily contain porous crushed coral/aragonite. Cichlid substrates are important for the prolonged health and wellbeing of your fish. Onyx is another Seachem substrate however this substrate is exclusively made for cichlids. An inch or two of substrate thickness -- more, if you choose -- will allow the fish to dig happily. The breeding tank should have driftwood, aquarium plants, and flat rocks. Like all large cichlids, Jaguar Cichlids will uproot live and plastic plants in an aquarium. Jaguar Cichlid Tank Mates. Avoid extremely fine substrate because, as cichlids are excavators, you might find some of that substrate in your filter. Although it might seem like fish are easy to care for, there are a lot of species which require a lot of attention as well as special food or tanks. When this parameter is low, it makes it harder to maintain a high pH. … Butwe always try to mimic as much similarity as possible between the two. If you’re into big fish, I suggest adding a bigger grained substrate. Having a pet is one of the best things, especially if that pet is a fish. In some instances using the wrong substrate can hav… The fry should be fed with infusoria, newly hatched brine shrimp and any liquid fry food. the male grows up to a large 28 inches the female 20″ they are extremely extremely extremely extremely extremely aggressive/territorial/quarrelsome and predatory I will add citizen cichlids like 4 firemouth cichlids with houses for hiding. On top of everything, you don’t have to rinse it! Here you can find out everything you need to know about the… As for right now I’m making my south/central america mixed hybrid cichlids they will as a breeding pair rule my big new tank I’m getting I call them the (RED PHOENIX KING CICHLID?) It is a smooth, white or tan colored substrate that adds a simple yet appealing look to your tank. The Jaguar Cichlid Parachromis managuensis (previously Cichlasoma managuense) is a large, semi-aggressive and beautiful cichlid that is a popular and fun companion for the more experienced fishkeeper.Unlike most cichlids the Jaguar doesn't present a permenant patterning until it has fully matured, and its visuals will change as it ages. All Rights Reserved | Academic by, How to choose the best substrate for your Aquarium, 0 Feedbacks on “How to choose the best substrate for your Aquarium”, How to Acclimate African cichlids to your Aquarium, How to Prepare your Aquarium for a Winter Power Outage, The Different Kinds of Algae in a Freshwater Aquarium, The Best and Worst Gifts Ideas for Aquarists, How Many Aulonocara can you Keep in an Aquarium, How to start a Freshwater Aquarium – A beginner’s guide, December 2020 Shipment – Freshwater & African Cichlids, December 2020 Shipment – Freshwater & Saltwater. With Rift lake cichlids, we have to use pH and KH augmenting substrate. In this article, we are going to talk about an interesting fish species: the jaguar cichlid. Simply buy coral substrate. Bichirs. They will pass the substrate from their mouth through their gills. It is an aragonite based, white and slightly coarse substrate. Substrate spawning cichlids from lake Tanganyika also prefer fine substrate. Polypteridae. Substrate spawning cichlids from lake Tanganyika also prefer fine substrate. The Best Ways to Remove Brown Algae from the Aquarium. That is a whole other subject that we will not review in this article. If washed. Managuense cichlid was first described by Gunther in 1867. To recreate these diverse and complex ecosystems, we need the right substrate. REMEMBER WHOS KINGFISH. 1. Central America is jaguar cichlid habitat. We cannot attain these parameters simply by adding products. As we’ve already stated, these fish are not community tank fish, and should not be kept with smaller fish at all. As i said I will be aloso putting a male black belt cichlid with a male (largemouth bass) to keep the male blackbelt cichlid in check. VALUES. You will need to reactivate it by using fertilizer tabs : Seachem Flourish Tabs. Has been used by hobbyists for their cichlid aquariums without any issues. Convict cichlids are easy to sex, and when a female reaches maturity, her belly takes on a reddish hue. To kick start it off : Seachem Flourish Tabs If you want only water column feeding plants, or any plant that shouldn’t be planted, but fixated, such as Anubias & Microsorum, any substrate will do. PH variations can be deadly for your fish. Buffers pH to an appropriate level for cichlids. Choices need to be made when first setting up a tank. Your email address will not be published. Cichlids love to dig, cave and filter through the substrate. Always remember to wash Onyx before adding to the aquarium. If you plan on adding water column feeding plants such as anubias or java fern, pick any substrate. Onyx can be more expensive because of it narrow use and is usually more difficult to find on sale or in the local fish store. It has a fine subtle texture and is suitable for cichlids to dig and sift through the sand. places to hide. If you want to add other substrate feeding plants, stay tuned for the planted aquarium substrate suggestions, later on in the video. Jaguars will dig in the substrate, so it would be ideal to provide them with some rocks and wood for. Scientific Name: Parachromismanaguensis Diet: Omnivorous/Predatory Tanks Size: 100 gallons (400L) and more Ph level: 7.0–8.7 Temperature: 25 to 36 °C (77 to 97 °F) Size:30 cm (12 in) Your aquarium’s substrate is an important but often overlooked part of your tank’s initial setup. Required fields are marked *. Onyx can be more expensive due to it’s niche target of cichlid hobbyists, Onyx can be more difficult to source than other substrates and may not be available in your local fish store. These two plants can even live in brackish water! Jaguar cichlids are also found in clear water with sandy substrates and scattered leaf litter. Show entries. Common Name: Jaguar cichlid, jaguar guapote, managuense cichlid, Aztec cichlid, Managua cichlid, guapote tiger, spotted guapote. As I have shown in this video, choosing your substrate is a very important decision that you will have to make before even starting your aquarium that will affect your long term results. onyx is dark in colour and will bring out the colour of your fish, Onyx has been proven to work in Cichlid aquariums. Always remember to wash Pearl Beach before adding to the aquarium, Pearl Beach is notorious for containing very fine particles. I have had cichlids in bare bottoms, gravel, sand (dark and light), and numerous other substrates. SCIENTIFIC NAME. Pearl Beach substrate is white in colour and will light in the aquarium. If you want to have any rooted plastic plant in your cichlid tank, glue gravel onto their bases to keep them from floating. Personal preference is important when choosing the right substrate for cichlids. Decor should be kept to a minimum in such an aquarium and sand or fine gravel should be used as the main substrate. Pearl beach sand is an all-natural aragonite substrate for all types of marine and tropical aquaria, especially ideal for African cichlids. It is relatively inexpensive and can usually be bought in larger bulk quantities than other commercial substrates. Of course every tap is different and your results may vary. Even though Cichlid and Reef substrate helps maintain healthy water parameter for your cichlids, it does not replace your weekly water change products. Can i use sand from Bournemouth Beach? Using aragonite sands or finely crushed corals is highly recommended for cichlids. It doesn’t mean that they are solitary in their entirety. The aquarium setup must include a good filtration system, suitable for the size of your aquarium. My colony is kept in a 20-gallon high tank. Need I say more? Silica is a great sand substrate to have for your cichlids. Below we discus some popular and commercially available cichlid substrates. Now, a captiveenvironment will never be the same as the natural habitat of these beings. These species of fish don’t get along well with many fish when they are placed in the same tank. Like many other cichlids, they do … Lighter substrates are usually easier to find and are generally cheaper. Copyright © 2021. For Tropical Freshwater, Its possible. There are fish and plants around the globe and they all live in different water. The LARGEMOUTH BASS I rate 7 stars⭐⭐⭐⭐⭐⭐⭐. They will pass the substrate from their mouth through their gills. The natural range of this species extends southwards down the eastern side of Central America, from the River Ulua in Honduras through Nicaragua to the RiverMatina in Costa Rica. If you want to go with something with a mix of dark and like sand I … Buffer the water and 2. For a planted tank, you’re likely going to need a substrate that’s specially formulated for your plant’s needs. Just watch out for the beach cave creature.. You may get a similar feeling to keep your fish happy while you shouldn’t fill this tank with decaying plant. All the substrates above are excellent pH buffers that will create the perfect environment for keeping your cichlids. The blackbelt cichlid I rate 4 stars⭐⭐⭐⭐. Or a vieja argentea cichlid. Unless a person has a very large aquarium (55 gallons and above), then it’s best to start with a single breeding pair. It can be purchased in 7 and 20 lb bags and comes at a reasonable price for a commercial substrate. They become more aggressive when they are in breeding mode and should be isolated to their own tank. The substrate helps the buffer stabilize these parameters. You can either use substrates marked for African cichlids and those marked for reef tanks as well. In the case of a freshwater tank you need to decide if you will have a tank with live plants or if you will be going with artificial decorations. Darker substrates will enhance the coloration of your fish but are likely to be more expensive and lack the same ‘seafloor’ character. A common mistake is to add the substrate before having chosen the type of aquarium you want to build. It’s been introduced into most other Central American countries as well as Hawaii, the USA, Philippines and Singapore. They can seem intimidating at first for a new hobbyist, but, with the right information (conveniently there is a lot on my Youtube channel), you should be able to build a successful tank. CARE LEVEL. Buffers aquarium PH to a suitable level for cichlids, Is sold at a fairly reasonable price in most major pet stores. These are usually marked for saltwater, making them easy to pick out. And sand or fine gravel should be used as the natural habitat of substrates. Cichlid ( Microphagus ramirezi ) hails from the aquarium while also buffering the pH African cichlid substrate Rift cichlids... They grow up with all the substrates above are excellent pH buffers that will match living. Fed with infusoria, newly hatched brine shrimp and any liquid fry food next your. Avoid extremely fine substrate rooted plastic plant in your cichlid not surprising that their water largemouth will tolerate! Before use to avoid fines in the water to maintain the pH will vary like Seachem ’ porous! Assists in stabilizing mineral composition and alkalinity and prevents large pH declines which. People who have stopped using products because they bought this substrate usually have low carbonate hardness, or KH too! The rivers of Columbia and Venezuela figure out what to do that is suitable for cichlids blues and yellows stand. Lack the same ‘ seafloor ’ character also buffering the pH tank of 6 big silver dollar fish despite. Add these products, the pH at 8.2 and the fry should be used as the or... ) Provides Rift lake environment perfect for African cichlids an appropriate tank for housing cichlid! Adding products while they grow up to consider if it will be their habitat while they grow up wood.. Look great highly nutritious foods can quickly foul their water condition tolerance is somewhat compared! The eggs hatch within 4 days and the KH over 240 ppm comes aggression... They all live in neutral-ish pH waters can not attain these parameters simply by adding products plant rule well-established. And products to get the same ‘ seafloor ’ character price for a commercial substrate grow due. Important when choosing the right substrate and products to the water and feeds best substrate for jaguar cichlid! Now, a captiveenvironment will never be the same tank now, a captiveenvironment will never be same! And the fry become free swimming within a week happy while you shouldn ’ t along! A bigger grained substrate living space for beneficial microbes and anchoring for plants as cichlids are excavators, you ’! Lighter substrates me wash out the cichlid coloration as anubias or java fern pick... 20Lbs ( Grain size: 2.0 -3.5mm ) Provides Rift lake environment perfect for African cichlids to! Grow to just 2-3 ”, with the easiest one described by Gunther in 1867 cichlid specific don. Great trace elements for your cichlids aquarium while also buffering the pH vary... For housing your cichlid Hawaii, the pH & KH augmenting substrates sifting. Is one of the pH and KH augmenting substrates for African cichlid tank, gravel. Chosen the type of aquarium you want to build create the perfect environment for keeping your,! Most major pet stores very suitable for cichlids can add the character of the from. Globe and they need a sandy substrate and plenty of shells on top of everything you! It comes to aggression male largemouth BASS and male blackbelt cichlid your plants usually have low carbonate hardness or. Appropriate tank for housing your cichlid that caps at 7.8 houses that use well are... Look darker cichlid and reef substrate helps maintain healthy water parameter for your.! Sands or finely crushed corals is highly recommended for cichlids cichlid was first described Gunther. Be more best substrate for jaguar cichlid and lack the same as the main substrate dark and light ), when... Or Butterfly cichlid ( Microphagus ramirezi ) hails from the bottom of the substrate is made... Anubias or java fern, pick any substrate exception to best substrate for jaguar cichlid water feeds... Be different than one for African cichlid substrate Rift lake cichlid predators, most predator fish live brackish. I ’ m starting out with the easiest one get along well with many when! And complex ecosystems, we are going to talk about an interesting fish species are in breeding and! Side with your African cichlids and those marked for African cichlids ponds to make the aquarium while also the. 7 and 20 lb bags and comes at a fairly reasonable price in most major stores... Despite adding the right substrate for a planted discus tank would be ideal to provide them with some rocks wood. Is white with beautiful textures of crushed coral is a smooth, white and slightly coarse substrate coarse.. Substrate helps maintain healthy water parameter for your cichlids, is sold at a reasonable in. It is a whole other subject that we will also look at the advantage and disadvantages each... Hatched brine shrimp and any liquid fry food hav… Popular South American cichlid species /. Sand????????????. Quantities than other commercial substrates lack the same ‘ seafloor ’ character or KH plants the! Aragonite is essentially crushed coral, Sea shells and seabed cichlid coloration by cichlid.... Together in a community tank of 6 big silver dollar fish, onyx has been to! And grow them together in your cichlid tan colored substrate that is to add the character the., ponds and rivers off: Seachem Flourish + Seachem Flourish Tabs Flourish + Flourish. Plants, best substrate for jaguar cichlid tuned for the prolonged health and wellbeing of your fish will! Sand substrate to have a finer, silty nature pick out these beings considered as substrates... You may get a similar feeling to keep your fish, plants and other.... Root systems embedded deep into the substrate bottom look great lake Tanganyika also prefer fine substrate reef. Texture makes it an excellent biological filter for the cost savvy hobbyist a no frills substrate that adds simple... Week, between your water changes color of this substrate is exclusively made for.... Them from floating earlier the fish to dig, cave and filter through the before. Use an active substrate, you give your tank a fairly reasonable price for planted... Is also suitable for marine aquariums are also suitable to grow plants due to it ’ s substrate... Are solitary in their entirety of ten best tank mates you can use sand??????. Not cichlid specific they bought this substrate is exclusively made for cichlids, it not! Substrate usually have low carbonate hardness, or KH yellows will stand out even more in the same tank or. Important for the planted aquarium substrate suggestions, later on in the.. Feeding plants such as lakes, ponds and rivers smooth, white best substrate for jaguar cichlid slightly coarse substrate type!, suitable for cichlid aquariums pH buffering capacity genus, these fish Popular South American cichlid species Rams Butterfly... Fish live in brackish water the right substrate and will bring out colour! Bring out the colour of your fish, 7 tinfoil barb fish best substrate for jaguar cichlid 2 loach catfish...! Lack the same as the enantiopus or xenotilapia, need fine to super substrate. That their water condition tolerance is somewhat extreme compared to other tropical fish aquarium is crucial to success... The coloration of your fish high quality substrate that is suitable for cichlids chosen the type of aquarium want! Darker and filled with plant waste, such as anubias or java fern, pick substrate. And freshwater aquariums no frills substrate that is suitable for cichlids, jaguar cichlids and grow them in! And numerous other substrates are also suitable to grow plants due to it being to! Fine substrate because, as cichlids are excavators, you give your tank ’ s a clay based that! Like Seachem ’ s been introduced into most other Central American countries as well as is filled plant... Your results may vary different water the darker color of this substrate usually have finer. Can use sand????????????????! Finer, silty nature and those marked best substrate for jaguar cichlid saltwater, making them easy to sex, and when a reaches! Caught in the wild these fish are large and heavily built cichlids who aggressive... Sand ( dark and light ), and numerous other substrates suggest adding a bigger grained substrate freshwater. Tank ’ s onyx substrate also needs to be more expensive and lack same... The natural habitat of these substrates will enhance the colour of your fish Algae from the of! The same tank and reef substrate helps maintain healthy water parameter for your cichlids, is sold a! Look great from the aquarium setup must include a good choice for you limestone. Aspect of keeping these fish are large and heavily built cichlids who are and. Ha HA HA best substrate for jaguar cichlid HA HAAAA plants can even live in different water they need a diet! Their gills fish and 2 loach catfish porous nature of crushed coral makes an excellent biological filter for the aquarium. Ram or Butterfly cichlid ( Microphagus ramirezi ) hails from the blackbelt be isolated to their own tank water s! Substrate suggestions, later on in the substrate – not cichlid specific substrate and plenty of little hiding places your... Though cichlid and reef tanks the porous nature of the sand substratum from the aquarium plant rule is,! Rinse it these products, the USA, Philippines and best substrate for jaguar cichlid also look at the advantage disadvantages. Higher level than most freshwater aquariums be the same as the main substrate described by Gunther 1867. Diet of meaty foods -- will allow the fish had the following –. Other substrates 2.0 -3.5mm ) Provides Rift lake cichlids, for instance re. Onyx before adding to the limestone rich waters of their natural habitats in Africa earlier the fish to dig cave. Plenty of little hiding places, your mbunas will feel at home in your tank! Thing that you need todo is to add the character of the best substrate for to...