Notes: An average war diary for this period which contains officer and other rank field returns between January and May. The second focuses on what documents are available both to research a soldier and also the Regiment. Lance Corporal, 10400. Officers made a very large proportion of volunteers and 167 served in the ranks, resuming their commissions after the unit had been disbanded. Mory Abbey Military Cemetery, Mory, Pas-de-Calais, France. Notes: These index cards record the stations of the Scots Guards’ battalions, though when the units were abroad only the vaguest of information was recorded. The final Battle Honour was “NORTH WEST EUROPE, 1944-45”. The main hill, with three high points and a monastery on the top, gave its name to the Battle Honour “MONTE CAMINO”. 2007-12 The 1st Battalion deploys to Afghanistan on Operation Herrick. War diaries are held at the National Archives in London and can only be viewed on site. This article will help you to research soldiers who served in the Scots Guards during the Second World War. The battalion's losses were approximately 5 men killed, 1 officer and 20 men wounded. Hundreds of men left the 3rd Battalion following its conversion and joined the 4th Battalion. A field return on officers reported that the unit had a strength of thirty officers on 6 March 1943 while a field return of other ranks taken on the same date gave their strength as 723. On 22 July they landed in France and would serve from then on mostly attached to the 15th (Scottish) Division. In one of the subsequent battles the 2nd Battalion, in the 201st Guards Brigade, held the Knightsbridge Box for two weeks under heavy attack, but because of other events nearby it was a severe British defeat. Lord Lyell dashed at the gun position across the open, killed most of its crew before being killed himself and was awarded a posthumous VC. Here, the 4th Battalion remained until 2 October 1942 when it moved to Lynmouth and then to Longbridge Deverill later in the month. FindmyPast, a genealogy site which offers a free trial period, has three collections which may be of interest. During the Second World War the principal centres of attention for the Scots Guards were North Africa, Italy and the moves through France, Belgium, Holland and Germany in 1944 and 1945 until the German surrender. The history covers all battalions of the regiment, not just those which served abroad and is divided into seven parts. The 3rd Armoured Battalion landed at Arromanches in Normandy on 21 July 1944 and served in France, Belgium, Netherlands and Germany. The 5th Battalion was to be the British unit trained in the use of skis and winter warfare for the expedition. The 2nd Battalion’s next major battle began on 5 November and was finally concluded on 9 December, a grim and gruelling fight up steep rocky slopes on thoroughly prepared German positions. In September 1900 the battalion formed part of a column based on Harrismith under Campbell. Coats commanded the Battalion during its short existence. O'Rourke's Reel, V. the Pipers Waltz, VI. The appendices for March relate to the Battalion’s movements, casualty reuturns of officers and other ranks, a field return of officers and other ranks etc. There aren’t a lot of resources online for researching those who served in the British Army during the Second World War. the Strathspey King, III. On 4 October 1943, what was left of the Battalion proceeded to Pirbright Camp where the soldiers were posted to the Training Battalion. The first is the War Office Casualty Lists which recorded those killed, missing, died of disease/accidents, taken prisoner and confirmed prisoners of war. The rest of the Battalion was a motley collection drawn from across the British Empire, the Regular and Territorial Army and civilian life. On 5 July, the Battalion moved to Malton with the Support Company being stationed at Norton Grove. It served throughout the North African campaign ultimately ending up in Tunisia in May 1943. The British and American Armies advancing from the south of Italy joined up with those at Salerno and, as the autumn wore on and the conditions worsened, slowly and painfully moved on from each deep river valley across each mountain range beyond. The 3rd Battalion continued on into Belgium, Holland and finally Germany, the other Battle Honour attributable to them after the crossing of the frontier, but shared with others, being “RHINELAND”. On 3 September 1939, the 2nd Battalion Scots Guards was stationed at Matruh in Western Egypt. Soldiers of the 2nd Battalion, Scots Guards in the hastily constructed trenches near Zandvoorde, October 1914. Volunteers were asked for from those who could already ski who were collected at Quebec Barracks at Bordon. The only other appendix is an internal security scheme which “details action to be taken by the Battalion occupying area Equile Lipizzano in the event of civil disturbance in Allied Occupied Guilia” dated 22 February. By this time British and American troops were well into Tunisia. The Commonwealth War Graves Commission recorded 329 dead for the 2nd Battalion Scots Guards between 3 September 1939 and 15 August 1945. 08-07-1915. There are six appendices including a roll of honour and a list of honours and awards. Battalion Scots Guards”. The Battalion had a long period of training in Britain before it embarked for North Africa on board the Hired Transport Samaria at Gourock on 26 February 1943. When Britain declared war on Germany on 3 September 1939, the 1st Battalion Scots Guards was stationed at Chelsea Barracks, London. On 30 May 1941, the Battalion received the news that it was to be converted into an armoured unit. On 22 January 1943 the 1st Battalion was in this seaborne operation by both British and American troops. 90 pp. On 28 September 1941, a Regimental Order announced the formation of a new battalion of the Scots Guards. There is also a battle order for the officers dated 12 February and a detailed account of F Company’s activities between 6 and 11 November. There are a wide range of appendices covering a variety of topics. There is an index. General Rommel staged a major counterattack and, having just moved up to the most forward positions, the 201st Guards Brigade’s anti tank guns destroyed the German tanks at point blank range in large numbers, resulting in the important Battle Honour “MEDENINE”. Another company, containing men from the Training Battalion at Pirbright who could not ski, was added to the unit later. The Germans had deployed small parties, well concealed in scrub and ditches, to snipe from behind the advancing troops. The 2nd Battalion Scots Guards marching away from Waterloo Station. The Battalion spent most of the period between 28 February 1941 and 14 June 1942 with the 22nd Guards Brigade, which on 14 January 1942 was redesignated as the 200th Guards Brigade. The 2nd Battalion took part in the landings at Salerno on 9 September 1942. Right after a long discussion with CUSTARD i have told him to let women into the group, but only if their husbands, boyfriends, partners were in … Nothing but the most desperate fighting, with casualties comparable to a prolonged First World War battle, enabled the British and Americans to hang on. There are lists of Scot Guard prisoners showing which German camp they are being held in. The contribution of 6th Guards Armoured Brigade in the success of the whole operation has been conspicuously superior. If you want to learn more about a battalion of the Scots Guards, I’d recommend combining its war diaries with the regimental history The Scots Guards 1919-1955 by David Erskine. Notes: An average war diary for the period with a variety of appendices, including a special regimental order dated 11 October 1940 regarding the formation of the Battalion. After the end of the war in Europe, the daily entries become a lot shorter. The 2nd Battalion landed at Salerno, Italy on 9 September 1943 and served in Italy until the unit was withdrawn back to Britain in April 1944. The first covers the Scots Guards in between the wars and the last Malaya. There is an index. The 3rd Battalion Scots Guards was raised in the Chigwell and Buckhurst Hill area of Essex on 16 October 1940 as a regular infantry battalion. Kuala Lumpur: Caxton Press Ltd., 1951 Anthony Goodridge The Scots Guards 149pp London Leo Cooper 1969 Additional Bibliography for this Page. Instead he went for consolidation of the landings, so the Germans had time to regroup and counterattacked in force over the coming weeks. There are a variety of appendices including movement and administration orders. The Battalion served with the Brigade until 19 March 1940 when it joined the 18th Infantry Brigade. 2nd Battalion Scots Guards Malaya, 1948-1951 description Show more Object details Category Books Related period 1945-1989 (content) Creator SECOND BATTALION SCOTS GUARDS : … The Germans fought hard and the approaches to their positions were across the open, without any cover. 2nd Battalion, Scots Guards marching out of Bruges along the Bruges - Torhout road. The cost to order a file is currently £30 unless you are the spouse or civil partner of the soldier. Crossing the … Notes: A good file in which you should find a missing soldier along with many detailed accounts of the fighting the 1st and 2nd Battalions were involved with. On 6 April 1942, the Brigade was reorganized as the 200th Guards Motor Brigade Group, then the 201st Guards Motor Brigade Group before being captured at Tobruk in June 1942. Not only do these add important insights into a unit’s service during the war, if you’re lucky you may find that the soldier you’re researching provided an account. There is a small fee to download a citation, currently £3.50 but they can be downloaded for free at the National Archives. The Allies just managed to hold onto what they had along the coast but it was a very close call before the enemy pulled back in the face of heavy bombing and shelling by the Royal Navy. Most of these men were either killed or taken prisoner, while a handful managed to escape. Notes: A good war diary and it’s a shame it ends so shortly after the outbreak of war. See more ideas about scots, guard, british army. The Wee Highland Laddie, Solo Pipes: I. In the operations to cross the Rhine and subsequently the 6th Guards Tank Brigade were for a time working with the Americans following which the Brigade Commander received a message from General Matthew Ridgway, Commander of the US Airborne Corps, later the Supreme Allied Commander in Europe “The period of our joint service has been brief but includes momentous days in a brilliant and now historic operation [the Rhine crossing and the advance to capture Műnster]. The Battalion was part of 29th Infantry Brigade which was redesignated as the 22nd Infantry Brigade on 3 October 1939. The 1st Battalion, now in the 24th Guards Brigade, fought for two weeks here, suffering very heavy casualties, with thirst also a great strain. 2nd Battalion, Scots Guards.... 1945.03 Germany Guards Armoured Division 1946.12 England: Victoria Barracks, Windsor.. 1947 England: Chelsea Barracks, London.. Aug 48: Chelsea Barracks, London 2 Guards Brigade. Within a Mile O' Edinburgh Toon, III. The 5th (Special Reserve) Battalion was a short-lived and very unusual unit of the British Army. Now available on Blu Ray & DVD I am regularly asked if I can produce a DVD of this and my other military band parades. Back in July 1944, the 3rd (Tank) Battalion landed in France, … There are three files at the National Archives covering enquiries into officers and other ranks of the Scots Guards who went missing during the war. These are mostly strength returns and lists of officers “recommended for acceptance as other ranks” for February. Following the conversion of the 3rd Battalion Scots Guards into an armoured unit, 300 of its soldiers were posted to the 4th Battalion. The fighting was intense as both sides attacked and counterattacked and the casualties reflected it. Recommendations for Honours and Awards for Gallant and Distinguished Service, The search is set up to show recommendations for those who served with the Scots Guards between 1940 and 1949. There are a small number of appendices relating to Operations Woodcock and Tantum and Exercise Snipe. For example on 2 January, the unit had its belated Christmas dinner which “included tomato soup, turkey and pork with vegetables, plum pudding, cake, fruit, nuts, chocolate, cigarettes, two bottles of beer per man, hot rum punch and vino ad lib”. On 1 October, the Battalion joined the 32nd Infantry Brigade (Guards) in which it served until 5 September 1943. The Commonwealth War Graves Commission recorded 368 dead for the 1st Battalion between 3 September 1939 and 15 August 1945. 29 September 1937. The same arrangement for Battle Honours on the Colours was followed again. Notes: Another war diary which contains a lot of information of a non-military nature. Notes: A good war diary with lots of information, especially when the Battalion was in action. Notes: An average war diary for the period which is mostly typed. In 2007 the Scots Guards were Well ahead of the invasion of Normandy that began on D Day, 6 June 1944, the 6th Guards Tank Brigade formed in England and included the 3rd (Tank) Battalion Scots Guards, equipped with Churchill tanks. The Battalion was initially organized into a headquarters and four ski companies. Their email address is on the page and there is also a phone number should you require further information. On being told he said “I reckon we’ll be O.K. The 1st Battalion fought in Italy till the end of the War by when half of all Scots Guardsmen who lost their lives had died there, the Battle Honour “ITALY, 1943-45” being their memorial on the Colours. by David Erskine. On 2 March the 1st Battalion was evacuated with a total strength of 238, having lost 666 all ranks, a third of them missing, mostly captured. The website of the Scots Guards Regimental Family –. The Battalion’s position was near the centre of 2nd Corps whilst most of the action during the day was against the flanks. The Battalion then travelled across France to Chamonix where it was billeted in hotels and began training, helped by the 199th Battalion of Chasseurs Alpins. The roll call of 2nd Battalion, Scots Guards on the Menin Road, 27 October 1914 answered by 12 officers and 460 soldiers. Then look through my generic First World War guides, especially those regarding medal records and British Army abbreviations and acronyms.I’d recommend downloading the relevant Battalion’s war diaries (see below) and also getting either a copy of the regimental history: The Scots Guards in the Great War 1914-1918 or Randall Nicol’s excellent two-volume Till The Trumpet Sounds … The war diary includes map coordinates for Tunisia but not Italy. It is over 200 pages in length, most of which are appendices. First they attacked the machine gun post which Lord Lyell demolished with a grenade. The 2nd Battalion plays a key role in the Falklands War. Missing Personnel North Africa Middle East. 5 Sep. Apart from participation in the abortive campaign in Norway in 1940 the 1st Battalion was still in Britain. The arrived at Waterloo from Aldershot on their way to the Chelsea barracks will stop their place the first Battalion the love gone to Aldershot the switchover is part of the general change of quarters being carried out in the London district command. A crewman on a landing craft said to a wounded Scots Guards officer he was looking after that he had heard that things were not going well ashore and asked him which Regiment he was in. There are six appendices including a roll of honour and a list of honours and awards. On 27 April the advance was obstructed by a German machine gun post and by an 88mm gun position close by on the flank of the Bou. They often contain appendices in the form of orders, maps, battle reports etc. 2nd Battalion Scots Guards On 3 September 1939, the 2nd Battalion Scots Guards was stationed at Matruh in Western Egypt. The Scots Guards is unusual, in that their service records are still held by the regimental archive, while the rest are held by the Ministry of Defence. When the Battalion was in action, the war diary entries are very detailed. The Battalion’s casualties were at a comparable level to a battle in the First World War and they won the Battle Honour “GAZALA”. The Battalion was ordered to join the 7th Division on the 8th of October 1914 … The Battalion remained training in Britain until 29 January, when the unit embarked for the Netherlands where it took part in the last months of the campaign in Europe. In 1939 the 2nd Battalion was already stationed in Egypt. Since leaving Italy the 2nd Battalion had been reinforced, including with a large detachment of men transferred from the RAF, and trained for infantry operations in the Guards Armoured Division which it joined early in February 1944 and fought with to the end of the War, ending up near Bremen. Early on the Italians were the only enemy, but when they were badly defeated and there was a risk of their being expelled from Libya the Germans intervened. 75 were here. There is an appendix recording the officers and their distribution in the Battalion in October, a couple of maps of the left and right companies’ areas and a list of officers available as reinforcements. On the evening of 9 March, the Samaria docked at Algiers in Algeria, just in time for a short air raid. The Battle Honours “DJEBEL BOU AOUKAZ, 1943, I” and “NORTH AFRICA, 1941-43” were added to the Colours. 2nd Battalion Scots Guards in Malaya, 1948-1951. The most important document to research a soldier who served in the war is their service record. The Battalion had rejoined the reformed 201st Guards Motor Brigade on 25 August 1942 and served with the formation until 27 June 1943. HENDERSON, James McDowell. There are forty-four photographs but in the reprint these are very poor quality, and forty-five maps. Notes: The daily war diary entries for the Battalion are short and without much detail but there’s nearly 100 pages of appendices. I should like to express to you my appreciation of your unfailing and complete cooperation, and my high respect for your professional abilities and leadership.” Just after the German capitulation in May the 3rd Battalion had the unusual role of boarding and taking the surrender of a German submarine on the Baltic coast. if the Guards are there.”. 24-08-1918. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. The regiment now known as the Scots Guards traces its origins to the Marquis of Argyll's Royal Regiment, a unit raised in 1642 by Archibald Campbell, 1st Marquess of Argyll in response to the 1641 Irish Rebellion. On the occasions I have been privileged to mingle with elements of your command, I have felt at once that atmosphere, that intangible something almost physical, which only the finest troops create. Imperial war Museum Q57228 3rd (Reserve) Battalion … The Battalion served with the Brigade until 19 March 1940 when it joined the 18th Infantry Brigade. Their first battle in Normandy was the assault on a long ridge, known usually as the Battle of Caumont, but for which the Battle Honour “QUARRY HILL”, part of the ridge, was awarded. On 11 March, the Battalion left Chamonix for Glasgow, where the unit arrived three days later. There are forty-four photographs but in the reprint these are very poor quality, and forty-five maps. The enemy had withdrawn across the Rhine by mid March. The 2nd Battalion Scots Guards was a regular army battalion which was stationed in Egypt at the outbreak of war in 1939. The problem at Anzio was that shortage of landing craft made it impossible to land a large enough force to give the American commander the confidence to land and advance rapidly to cut the main German supply route twelve miles inland. Notes: An average war diary for the daily entries but there are a large number of appendices. In 1942 the Afrika Corps came into being, well equipped, trained and motivated and led by General Rommel. Only Captain The Lord Lyell with four men were in the right place to do something about it. The main objective of the 1st Battalion was a prominent outcrop dominating their area, nicknamed “the Bou”. Flett From Flotta, IV. Then there are a variety of prisoner of war records and the British Library’s digitized newspaper archive. The Battalion also served briefly in Syria in 1942 before taking part in the Tunisian Campaign which came to an end on 13 May 1943. The 2nd Scots Guards were present at Biddulphsberg on 29th May 1900, but were not so hotly engaged as the Grenadiers. For recruitment email us at recruiting@scotsguards.org Notes: A short war diary. The 201st Guards Brigade then came across a large agricultural complex at Battipaglia, which, on the only German communication route behind their positions, was of critical importance. On 1 March 1940, the Battalion joined the 24th Infantry Brigade (Guards) in which it served for the remainder of the war. The British withdrew to the Alamein position along the Egyptian border, which they held successfully ahead of the counterstroke at the Battle of Alamein. The Stirlingshire Militia, II. For most of the soldiers who served during the war, that will be one of their children. He attended Eton College Officer Cadet School from 29 December 1951 to 25 April 1952, and from there was posted to the Second Battalion Scots Guards on a National Service Commission on 26 April 1952. On 10 June 1940, Italy declared war on Britain and the 2nd Battalion saw heavy fighting in the Western Desert Campaign in Libya and Egypt. 1st Battalion, Scots Guards. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. 2nd Battalion, Scots Guards. It was formed in response to an Anglo-French plan to send a military expedition to Finland to help the country in its fight against the Soviet Union. On 2 March, the Battalion travelled to Southampton and landed in France the next day. By 2 pm, however, major attacks were developing on the boundary between 2RS and 1GORDONS to their In 1939 the 2nd Battalion was already stationed in Egypt. This article is one of a series of guides I’ve written to researching soldiers who served in the British Army during the Second World War: I offer a Second World War Soldier Research Service. This website is operated by the Scots Guards Charity – more information can be found on the Army website. Son of Thomas Steven Nisbet Sharp & Mary Taylor Thomson Sharp of 107, Greenhill Road, Paisley, Renfrewshire, UK. Officers had personal numbers which used a different numbering system. The other five concern the Regiment’s service during the war and the aftermath. It was in North Africa that Colonel Archie Stirling of the Scots Guards formed and had the ideal conditions to carry out raiding operations behind the enemy lines with the Special Air Service Regiment. This is one of the best regimental histories to come out of the war and has been reprinted by the Naval and Military Press. The Battalion was part of 29th Infantry Brigade which was redesignated as the 22nd Infantry Brigade on 3 October 1939. Late in February 1943 they embarked on board ship, destination unknown, but it was to North Africa. Members who served with Scots Guards Welcome to Forces Reunited the place where you can find information and friends from Scots Guards . The Battalion then took part in the Tunisian Campaign which ended on 13 May 1943. He was placed on terminal leave under Regimental Headquarters on 08 June 1953 but recalled for training with the Second Battalion on 27 July 1954. The blue links below will take you to the war diary’s entry in the National Archives’ catalogue. I offer a copying service for these documents. The 30th Brigade was redesignated as the 6th Armoured Brigade and on 15 January as the 6th Guards Tank Brigade before redesignated as the 6th Guards Brigade on 17 June 1945. Notes: A good war diary with detailed entries when the Battalion was in action including coordinates. The Atholl Cummers, III. Listen to music from 2nd Battalion Scots Guards like March Medley: I.Wings, II. Three days later, another fifty-five other ranks left for the Holding Battalion. The official Facebook page of The Scots Guards. Title - … Notes: A good war diary with a wide variety of appendices. The Battalion first saw active service in the disastrous Norwegian Campaign following Germany’s invasion on 9 April 1940. Find out and research your past; find relatives and ancestors that have served with the Scots Guards. The Battalion trained at Bordon and it wasn’t until the end of February 1940 that it received its Lee-Enfield rifles. The 4th Battalion Scots Guards was disbanded the same day. After the Restoration of Charles II, the Earl of Linlithgow received a commission dated 23 November 1660 to raise a regiment which was called The Scottish Regiment of Footguards. The history covers all battalions of the regiment, not just those which served abroad and is divided into seven parts. One of his men was then killed and the other three wounded, though two were still able to fire to support him. In early September, the Right Flank and X Companies were permanently attached to the Irish Guards while the rest of the Battalion was sent to Northwood in Middlesex to be disbanded. 2004-08 The 1st Battalion deploys to Iraq as part of Operation Telic. Scots Guardsmen should look at the Battle Honour “ANZIO” with particular respect. 2nd Battalion Scots Guards March Medley: I. Drunken Duncan, II. On 25 June, the Battalion sent a draft of four officers and 217 other ranks to the Holding Battalion prior to it embarking for North Africa. Another two officers and sixty-six other ranks were sent to the Holding Battalion on 25 July. This is one of the best regimental histories to come out of the war and has been reprinted by the Naval and Military Press. 2nd Battalion Scots Guards...Unita Fortior has 778 members. The archives’ page is linked below and they record that service records from 1930 onwards “are available to the ‘Official Next of Kin”. It was very cold, but that it was so wet was worse over terrain of large easily defensible woods, low lying farmland and fortified villages. The only appendices are a programme for the visit of King George VI and a short letter informing the Battalion of the positive reactions of the King. Notes: Another average war diary with a small number of appendices including a field return of officers, and a field return of other ranks dated 6 March 1943. Revenge for Gazala came in March 1943 by which time the British were approaching the Tunisian border. 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